An Ultimate Guide to Python Web Framework You Need to Learn

According to the Stack Overflow Developer Survey 2022, about 43,51% of professional developers use Python for web development. It can be said that Python has emerged as a powerful language to bring your web visions to life. In this blog, we’ll delve deep into the Python web framework definition. Also, we’ll give you a list of the most renowned Python web frameworks and their strengths and weaknesses. By the end, you’ll be equipped with the knowledge to make informed decisions. Now, let’s get started!

An Ultimate Guide to Python Web Framework You Need to Learn

What is a Python Web Framework?

A Python web framework is a set of libraries and modules designed to support the development of web applications and services. It simplifies many of the underlying tasks, such as protocol handling, socket connections, and managing processes and threads, so developers can focus more on building their applications.

Here are some of the core functionalities provided by a Python web framework:

  1. Parsing requests: This includes retrieving form data, managing cookies and sessions, and other request-related functions.
  2. Generating responses: This involves formatting and presenting data, either as HTML or in other formats like JSON.
  3. Persistent data storage: The framework also assists with database interactions and data management.

Let’s explore some of the most popular and effective Python web frameworks that can facilitate your web development process.

Top Python Full-Stack Frameworks

A full-stack Python framework aims to offer a comprehensive set of tools for application development, covering every layer of the stack.

#1 Django: A Flexible Python Web Framework

Django: A Flexible Python Web Framework
Django: A Flexible Python Web Framework

Django is a framework designed for developers who need to deliver high-quality web applications quickly and with minimal code. It is particularly valued for its emphasis on automation and adherence to the DRY (Don’t Repeat Yourself) principle. Initially created for managing content systems, Django has expanded its reach to support a diverse range of web applications. This versatility stems from features such as its templating system, automatic database schema creation, a robust database access layer, and the automated generation of administrative interfaces. Additionally, it includes a development server.

Major companies that utilize Django include Instagram, Pinterest, Disqus, Mozilla, The Washington Times, and Bitbucket. Often, Django is synonymous with the concepts of ‘framework’ and ‘Python’ in the development community.

#2 TurboGears

TurboGears - Python Web Framework
TurboGears – Python Web Framework

TurboGears allows you to quickly develop database-driven applications that are ready for extension within minutes.

This MVC web framework features an ORM that supports multiple databases and horizontal data partitioning. It includes a widget system that facilitates the creation of AJAX applications, and you have the option to use its Kajiki template engine.

TurboGears serves both as a microframework and a full-stack solution. Its PyPI package is named tg.devtools.

#3 web2py

Web2py enables you to develop, deploy, debug, test, manage the database, and maintain applications all through its integrated web interface. It requires no configuration files and is portable enough to operate from a USB drive. Additionally, web2py incorporates a built-in MVC ticketing system to handle errors.

Python Web Framework — Python web2py

#4 CubicWeb

CubicWeb is a semantic Python web application framework that includes a custom query language and mechanisms for selection and viewing. It supports multiple databases, offers robust security features, enables workflow management, and promotes the reuse of components.

Python Web Framework — Cubic Web

#5 Django-hotsauce

Django-hotsauce is a versatile web toolkit that builds upon Django and other frameworks, providing an interactive Pythonic API. This API facilitates the development of scalable web applications adhering to the WSGI 1.0 specification. It features native bindings for database management systems like Schevo DBMS, Durus, ZODB, and integrates Authkit.

Python Web Framework — Django-hotsauce

> Related: An Ultimate Guide to Python Web Development You Need to Know

Top Python Non-Full-Stack Frameworks

A non-full-stack Python framework forms the foundation of the base application server. This server can operate independently, function with Apache, or be integrated into various other environments. Below are some of the most notable frameworks.

#1 Python Bottle

Bottle is a compact and swift micro-framework designed for building modest web applications. It features URL-parameter supportive routing, templating, key/value databases, and an integrated HTTP server. Additionally, it supports third-party WSGI/HTTP servers and template engines, all contained within a single file with only the Python Standard Library as its dependency.

Python Web Framework — Python Bottle

#2 CherryPy

CherryPy is an object-oriented HTTP framework that presents a Pythonic approach to web development. A CherryPy web application is essentially a self-contained Python application that incorporates its own multi-threaded server. CherryPy facilitates interaction between the developer and the problem and supports various web servers such as Apache and IIS. It also enables the simultaneous operation of multiple HTTP servers.

Python Web Framework — CherryPy

#3 Python Flask

Flask is a lean microframework that comes equipped with a development server and support for unit testing. It supports Unicode and adheres to RESTful principles and WSGI standards. Flask is ideal for crafting straightforward, small-scale applications and allows flexible database integration, including tools like SQLAlchemy. Notably, Flask powers platforms such as LinkedIn and Pinterest.

Python Web Framework — Python Flask

#4 Hug

Recognized for its speed, Hug is a top choice for developing Python-based APIs. It facilitates multiple API versions, generates automatic documentation, and leverages annotations for validation. Hug builds upon the JSON framework Falcon.

Python Web Framework — Hug

#5 Pyramid

Distinguished from smaller-scale frameworks, Pyramid is suited for expansive applications. It starts as a simple single-file module and can scale to large, complex projects, enhancing the fun, predictability, and productivity of real-world web application development. Pyramid is part of the Pylons project.

Python Web Framework — pyramid-positive

> Related: Web Application Development: What Exactly Is It?

AMELA Technology – Your Trustworthy Web Developer

In conclusion, the Python web development landscape offers a variety of frameworks to suit your project needs. By understanding the strengths and weaknesses of Django, Flask, and Pyramid, you can make an informed decision about which framework is the best fit. 

As you embark on your Python web development journey, keep in mind that AMELA Technology offers comprehensive web development solutions to bring your ideas to life.  Our team of experienced professionals can help you choose the right Python web framework, and design, develop, and deploy your web application. Contact us through the following information:

  • Hotline: (+84)904026070 
  • Email: 
  • Address: 5th Floor, Tower A, Keangnam Building, Urban Area new E6 Cau Giay, Pham Hung, Me Tri, Nam Tu Liem, Hanoi

Editor: AMELA Technology

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